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    Low-profile US diplomat helped negotiate with Cuba

    Low-profile US diplomat helped negotiate with Cuba
    By Nedra Pickler Associated Press
    POSTED: 12/30/2014 01:06:21 AM MST| UPDATED: ABOUT 11 HOURS AGO

    WASHINGTON (AP) — Just in time for the holidays, a low-profile
    presidential aide invited long-suffering Judy Gross into his White House
    office to personally give her the gift she’d been hoping for the past
    five years. Her husband, Alan Gross, was being released from a Cuban
    prison and coming home.

    The meeting was the culmination of two years of quiet negotiations with
    Cuban officials. The man who helped handle those negotiations for
    President Barack Obama was Ricardo Zuniga, an American diplomat born in
    Honduras to a prominent political family.

    The dealings involved much more than just Gross’ release from a 15-year
    sentence, but the re-establishment of diplomatic ties between the United
    States and Cuba after a half-century of Cold War hostility. Obama tasked
    two aides with the challenge — Ben Rhodes, his long-running foreign
    policy adviser, and Zuniga, a foreign service officer newly detailed to
    the White House’s National Security Council as senior director for
    Western Hemisphere Affairs.

    Dan Restrepo, who previously held Zuniga’s job, said he recommended the
    Cuba expert to replace him in part because he knew that relations with
    the country could be an important part of Obama’s second-term agenda.
    Zuniga was serving at the U.S. Embassy in Brazil at the time, but
    previously had worked at the U.S. Interests Section in Havana and led
    the State Department’s Office of Cuban Affairs.

    “There’s nobody in government who better knew the mechanics, the
    policies and politics of Cuba,” Restrepo said. “That’s a very complex
    set of interactions and laws. And how they interact and what is movable
    and not movable is not easy to figure out.”

    Another important skill that Zuniga brought to the Cuba negotiations was
    his fluent Spanish. He was born 44 years ago in the Honduran capital of
    Tegucigalpa, the grandson of Ricardo Zuniga Augustinus, a conservative
    who ran unsuccessfully for president in 1981 and supported the military
    dictatorship of Oswaldo Lopez. He moved to the United States with his
    American mother as a boy and got a degree in foreign affairs and Latin
    American studies from the University of Virginia.

    Restrepo said Zuniga is a no-nonsense professional and, although they
    had talked about his Honduran roots in passing, he never mentioned his
    grandfather or any personal or family politics.

    “That’s a testament to his professionalism that I don’t know what his
    politics are, having worked very closely with him,” Restrepo said in a
    telephone interview.

    Restrepo said Zuniga had another important qualification for an issue
    that needed to be handled in utmost secrecy — discretion.

    “He’s not an attention-seeking kind of person,” said Restrepo, now a
    senior fellow at the Center for American Progress. “Cuba policy
    development has often been notable for how quickly it ends up in the
    newspaper. That’s not something that Ricardo traffics in.”

    Word of the Cuba negotiations did not leak over nearly two years of
    negotiations with Cuban officials, in Canada and at the Vatican at Pope
    Francis’ invitation, with Rhodes and Zuniga personally keeping Obama
    updated. Beyond the negotiations with the small island country, Zuniga
    had a whole hemisphere of concerns to worry about, including an influx
    of children coming over the border from Central America and other
    implications of Obama’s immigration policies.

    When Obama made a historic phone call going over final negotiations with
    Cuban President Raul Castro on Dec. 16, Rhodes and Zuniga sat in front
    of the president on an Oval Office couch, listening with briefing books
    on their laps. A White House photo taken after Obama hung up shows
    Zuniga being embraced by his boss, National Security Adviser Susan Rice.
    Zuniga and Rhodes spent the next day furiously preparing Obama’s remarks
    to announce the thaw, then took a quiet moment to watch the televised
    speech from Rhodes’ West Wing office.

    Obama’s announcement was an unexpected news development during the
    holiday season, with Gross flying home on the second day of Hanukkah.
    Even Judy Gross was skeptical that a breakthrough had really come in her
    husband’s case, which Obama had set as a requirement for improving
    relations with the communist nation.

    Gross family attorney Scott Gilbert was with Judy Gross in Zuniga’s
    office in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building on Dec. 12 when she
    learned a deal had been reached. Zuniga told them Alan Gross would be
    freed the following Wednesday and invited them to come on the U.S.
    government flight to retrieve him.

    “I think after the five years of this, Judy was still somewhat
    unbelieving even at that meeting and also somewhat in shock,” Gilbert
    said in a telephone interview.

    “My comment to Ricardo was he needed to get this done so that both he
    and Alan could go home for the holidays,” Gilbert added.

    He said Zuniga also had spent a lot of time away from wife and two
    daughters. “He was extremely committed to trying to accomplish this
    outcome and worked day and night to get it done.”


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    Source: Low-profile US diplomat helped negotiate with Cuba – The Denver
    Post –