Alan Gross: Castro's prisoner
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    US sent Latin youth undercover in anti-Cuba ploy

    Posted on Monday, 08.04.14

    US sent Latin youth undercover in anti-Cuba ploy

    WASHINGTON — An Obama administration program secretly dispatched young
    Latin Americans to Cuba using the cover of health and civic programs to
    provoke political change, a clandestine operation that put those
    foreigners in danger even after a U.S. contractor was hauled away to a
    Cuban jail.

    Beginning as early as October 2009, a project overseen by the U.S.
    Agency for International Development sent Venezuelan, Costa Rican and
    Peruvian young people to Cuba in hopes of ginning up rebellion. The
    travelers worked undercover, often posing as tourists, and traveled
    around the island scouting for people they could turn into political

    In one case, the workers formed an HIV-prevention workshop that memos
    called “the perfect excuse” for the program’s political goals — a gambit
    that could undermine America’s efforts to improve health globally.

    But their efforts were fraught with incompetence and risk, an Associated
    Press investigation found: Cuban authorities questioned who was
    bankrolling the travelers. The young workers nearly blew their mission
    to “identify potential social-change actors.” One said he got a paltry,
    30-minute seminar on how to evade Cuban intelligence, and there appeared
    to be no safety net for the inexperienced workers if they were caught.

    “Although there is never total certainty, trust that the authorities
    will not try to harm you physically, only frighten you,” read a memo
    obtained by the AP. “Remember that the Cuban government prefers to avoid
    negative media reports abroad, so a beaten foreigner is not convenient
    for them.”

    In all, nearly a dozen Latin Americans served in the program in Cuba,
    for pay as low as $5.41 an hour.

    The AP found USAID and its contractor, Creative Associates
    International, continued the program even as U.S. officials privately
    told their government contractors to consider suspending travel to Cuba
    after the arrest of contractor Alan Gross, who remains imprisoned after
    smuggling in sensitive technology.

    “We value your safety,” one senior USAID official said in an email. “The
    guidance applies to ALL travelers to the island, not just American
    citizens,” another official said.

    The revelations of the USAID program come as the White House faces
    questions about the once-secret “Cuban Twitter” project, known as
    ZunZuneo. That program, launched by USAID in 2009 and uncovered by the
    AP in April, established a primitive social media network under the
    noses of Cuban officials. USAID’s inspector general is investigating
    that program, which ended in September, 2012.

    Officials said USAID launched “discreet” programs like ZunZuneo to
    increase the flow of information in a country that heavily restricts it.
    But the AP’s earlier investigation found ZunZuneo was political in
    nature and drew in subscribers unaware that the service was paid for by
    the U.S. government.

    “USAID and the Obama administration are committed to supporting the
    Cuban people’s desire to freely determine their own future,” the agency
    said in response to written questions from the AP. “USAID works with
    independent youth groups in Cuba on community service projects, public
    health, the arts and other opportunities to engage publicly, consistent
    with democracy programs worldwide.”

    In a statement late Sunday, USAID said the HIV workshop had a dual
    purpose: It “enabled support for Cuban civil society while providing a
    secondary benefit of addressing the desire Cubans expressed for
    information and training about HIV prevention.”

    Creative Associates declined to comment, referring questions to USAID.

    Both ZunZuneo and the travelers program were part of a larger,
    multimillion-dollar effort by USAID to effect change in politically
    volatile countries, government data show. But the programs reviewed by
    the AP didn’t appear to achieve their goals and operated under an agency
    known more for its international-aid work than stealthy operations. The
    CIA recently pledged to stop using vaccine programs to gather
    intelligence, such as one in Pakistan that targeted Osama bin Laden.

    The travelers program was launched when newly inaugurated President
    Barack Obama’s administration was talking about a “new beginning” with
    Cuba after decades of mistrust, raising questions about whether the
    White House had a coherent policy toward the island nation.

    Drawing on documents and interviews worldwide, the AP found the
    travelers program went to extensive lengths to hide the workers’
    activities. They were to communicate in code: “I have a headache” meant
    they suspected they were being monitored by Cuban authorities; “Your
    sister is ill” was an order to cut their trip short.

    “We worked it so that the government here didn’t know we were traveling
    to Cuba and helping these groups,” said Yajaira Andrade, a former
    administrator with a Venezuelan organization. “Because that was when
    (President Hugo) Chavez was in power, and if he had known about us —
    that some Venezuelans were working to stir rebellion — we would have
    been thrown in jail.”

    To evade Cuban authorities, travelers installed innocent-looking content
    on their laptops to mask sensitive information they were carrying. They
    also used encrypted memory sticks to hide their files and sent obviously
    encrypted emails using a system that might have drawn suspicion.

    It is illegal in Cuba to work with foreign democracy-building programs.
    Nevertheless, one contract was signed days after Gross’ detention.

    “They arrested a contractor from another agency. That could be
    dangerous,” one Skype message between two project workers would later
    read. “Thank God he’s not one of ours.”

    Documents show Creative Associates approved the use of the travelers’
    relatives to carry cash to the Cuban contacts. But the family members
    weren’t to be told that the funds were from the U.S. government.

    Hector Baranda, who was a college student in Cuba when he was befriended
    by a group of traveling Venezuelans, said he was surprised to hear from
    the AP they were working for the U.S. government and had profiled him.

    “How would you feel if you offered your sincere friendship and received
    this kind of news?” Baranda asked.

    The travelers’ project was paid for under the same pot of federal money
    that paid for the ZunZuneo program. But USAID has yet to provide the AP
    with a complete copy of the Cuban contracts under a Freedom of
    Information Act request filed more than three months ago.

    Former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, who was in office
    during the program and is a likely Democratic presidential candidate in
    2016, said in her new book “Hard Choices” that she was pleased “to see
    change slowly creeping into the country.”