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    Cat-and-mouse secrecy game plays out daily in Cuba

    Posted on Saturday, 04.12.14

    Cat-and-mouse secrecy game plays out daily in Cuba
    BY JUAN O. TAMAYO
    JTAMAYO@ELNUEVOHERALD.COM

    Cuban dissident Berta Soler says she and other members of the Ladies in
    White were handing out toys to children at Trillo Park in Havana when a
    State Security officer detained them and seized the 60 to 70 toys.

    Soler said she protested that the women bought the toys legally in
    Havana with money received legally from supporters abroad. But the agent
    told her, “Berta, don’t play the fool, because you know those toys come
    from Miami, the terrorists.”

    The March 15 incident reflected the cat-and-mouse game played almost
    daily by dissidents, supporters abroad who send them assistance and the
    security agents of a communist government that views most such aid —
    even toys — as “subversive.”

    That’s why, several of the foreign supporters argue, they must use a
    measure of discretion when sending aid to democracy, human rights or
    Internet freedom activists in Cuba — enough to ensure it reaches the
    right people on the island but not so much that it raises suspicions of
    major illegalities.

    “When State Security seizes laptops or even copies of the [U.N.’s]
    International Declaration of Human Rights, you have to use some
    discretion,” said Frank Calzon, head of the Center for Cuban Democracy
    in Washington.

    The issue of secrecy in efforts to help Cuba’s civil society hit front
    pages last week when The Associated Press reported that the U.S. Agency
    for International Development had created a “covert” Twitter-like
    platform for Cubans. USAID said the program was not covert, only
    “discreet” because of the “nonpermissive environment” on the island.

    Calzon said he did not mind talking about the precautions he takes in
    helping Cubans because his center no longer receives U.S. government
    grants for Cuba programs, and suspects that Havana knows them anyhow.

    He stopped keeping important documents in his office after three
    break-ins in which thieves rifled through files but took no valuables,
    Calzon said. He keeps four shredders in his office and has it swept
    occasionally for eavesdropping devices.

    Over the years he used foreigners visiting Cuba and other ways to
    deliver tens of thousands of shortwave radios, books and human rights
    declarations, Calzon said, “all things that would not be a problem in
    any normal society.”

    But he never revealed the names of the travelers to USAID before they
    had left the island, Calzon added. And if he sent cash, he would ask one
    activist to distribute the money to others in need, but he never
    provided a full list of recipients.

    He also preferred to use travelers from the former Eastern Europe
    because unlike naïve U.S. citizens, they had experience living in a
    communist system and knew how to avoid raising suspicions.

    One of his U.S. delivery people, Calzon said, took to Havana a list of
    Dos and Don’ts he had written — like avoiding hotel taxis because the
    drivers could inform State Security agents. The traveler hid the list in
    his hotel room, and it turned up in the official Granma newspaper.

    His main precautions, he said, are that he always assumed that sooner or
    later everything he did would become public, either through a U.S.
    newspaper report or a Havana allegation. “And you pray a lot.”

    Helping Cubans “is not a secret operation. It’s not an intelligence
    operation. This is strictly for human rights, and we never gather
    military information or encourage violence,” Calzon said. “But there is
    a word: ‘discretion.’ ”

    Maybe it’s not a secret operation, but Cuba has outlawed cooperation
    with the USAID programs and sentenced USAID subcontractor Alan Gross to
    15 years in prison for delivering USAID-financed sophisticated
    communications equipment to Cuban Jews.

    The official charge sheets against most of 75 dissidents sentenced to
    lengthy prison terms in a 2003 crackdown known as Cuba’s Black Spring
    mentioned the U.S. government’s programs in Cuba.

    Police regularly seize cash, computers, printers, books, digital
    memories and other equipment sent to dissidents from abroad and
    intercept emails and phone calls. After Soler filed a lawsuit for the
    return of the toys, her lawyer was suspended for six months for
    allegedly mishandling other cases.

    Freedom House, an independent organization in Washington, returned a
    $1.7 million USAID grant for a Cuba program in 2011 because the agency
    was asking for too many details on how the money was spent, including
    the names and travel plans of participants.

    And while USAID insists the Cuba programs are not secret, it offered
    applicants for one grant last year the chance to withdraw after it
    mistakenly used an unencrypted line to send their document to U.S.
    diplomats in Havana for their review.

    A dozen other people in Washington and Miami who have handled or
    currently handle Cuba programs agreed to broadly describe their concerns
    and security measures on the promise of anonymity because of the
    sensitivity of the issue. But they declined to provide details of their
    programs.

    One former program supervisor said he sometimes used a widely available
    encryption program when chatting online with people on the island.

    For phone calls, he added, he used Skype or phones not registered to his
    foundation.

    The supervisor of an ongoing program said he keeps the names of his Cuba
    contacts away from even the board of directors of his organization, and
    has a special password solely for his list of email contacts.

    But another person currently involved in a Cuba program said he finds it
    “a bit sophomoric” to take such precautions because “I have to assume
    that in this day and age any government that wants to find out something
    can do it.”

    “I am not saying that you post your information on your door,” he said.
    “In the end, working for human rights in Cuba is a calculated risk. We,
    and the people in Cuba, do it with our eyes wide open.”

    Source: Cat-and-mouse secrecy game plays out daily in Cuba – Breaking
    News – MiamiHerald.com –
    http://www.miamiherald.com/2014/04/12/4056538/cat-and-mouse-secrecy-game-plays.html